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  The History of Indian Architecture
Posted by: nehal_j - 09-29-2014, 02:21 PM - Forum: Architecture - Replies (1)

The History of Indian Architecture

With thousands of years of history, India’s architectural structures continually evolved to suit the needs of the culture. The first known physical proof of architectural structures dates back around 6,000 years. Archeological evidence discovered near Chotta Nagpur and in Brahmgiri indicates that the people first used stones for building shelters during the Mesolithic period. Primitive Neolithic structures dating possibly as far back as 4000 BC were uncovered close to the Narmada River.

By 2500 to 1500 BC, construction materials evolved from stone to brick. The ancient Indus Valley civilization constructed complex buildings, and evidence of community structures emerged. Excavating the Harappa site in Punjab revealed multi-storied buildings with private bathrooms, drainage systems, sanitary sewer systems and reservoirs. Archeologists found similar architectural features at the Banwali, Chanhudaro and Dholavira sites.

Around 1000 BC, the sacred Hindu text known as Adharvana Veda makes mention of using iron in construction. The culture incorporated Hellenistic and Roman styles into their designs during the third century BC. Dome shaped structures similar in appearance to the Sanchi stube served as commemorative monuments that held sacred artifacts. Remnants of rock cut wells, stepped ponds and unusual cave temples also came into existence during this time.

During this era, King Ashoka, emperor of India, also commissioned the construction of hospitals. Multi-storied buildings featured large doors, arched windows and high walls. During his reign, Ashoka also constructed a series of pillars throughout the northern region. Each structure stood between 40 and 50 feet tall, weighted up to 50 tons and each had carved edicts. Today, 19 survive bearing the carvings.

The Golden Age of Indian architecture spanned from 230 CE to 1200 CE. The southern regions adopted the complex structures found in the northern regions. Additionally, the various empires began constructing temples. The Chola king, Rajaraja Cholan, constructed the Bragatheeswarar Temple complex. The main temples features five divisions that included the Aradhana Mandapam. Along the dark corridors of this portion of the temple, archeologists discovered floor to ceiling frescoes. The Pala empire constructed the Buddhist Odantpuri Vihar and the Jagaddal Vihar. Impressed with the structural features, architects from China, Japan and Tibet adopted the building styles of the Pala.

The Classical Age followed and lasted until 1526 CE. The Hoysala Empire built various large and small temples that included the Chennakesava temple, the Hoysaleswara temple and the Kesava temple. The Vijayanagara empire constructed the Vijayanagar Raya Gopura during this time. From 1526 CE to 1857 CE, the Mughal Era began. Through this era Islamic and Persian influences merged with traditional architectural styles. Examples of multi-influenced structures include the Fateh pur sikiri, the Red Fort and the Taj Mahal that rulers commissioned during this time. The holy Sikh shrine known as the Golden Temple was constructed in 1604.

The Colonial Era lasted until 1947 and introduced British and European architectural styles that included extended roof overhangs and free standing pavilions. Government buildings, railway systems and roadways predominantly featured the combination of styles. Rastrapathi Bhavan located in New Delhi represents an example of the merged designs.

The Modern Era, or Post Independence phase saw architectural changes based on the needs of the population after 1947. Small villages evolved into urban and industrial regions. Economic increase along with modern globalization, immigration and tourism sparked the introduction of secure government buildings and public structures that allowed the country to compete with developed world countries. One of the most modern architectural structures in recent decades includes the Chennai, Tamilnadu government building. While the county continues advancing in their architectural structures, historical buildings remain well-maintained and treasured.

http://www.coa-india.org/

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  Who can opt Architecture as Career
Posted by: sunil zende - 09-28-2014, 12:30 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Students having academically good background in physics and mathematics are better suited for the study of architecture. He chould be a creative artist with an interest and bent towards designing. Ability to sketch, free hand plan. He needs to have an imaginative and perspective outlook. Awareness of social and environmental factors, observant attitude adds to the advantage while designing structures. Apart from being technically sound, good mathematical ability is important as the work involves complex designing problems, building economies and cost estimations. Often architects deal with legal procedures and documents making it necessary for them to understand legal language related to the profession.

Good communication skills, hardwork , physical stamina to work on the desk as well on the site, a high degree of concentration level, flexibility, patience, team spirit, responsibility and accountability are some other important traits of the profession.

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  Architecture - Specialization (Post Graduation)
Posted by: sunil zende - 09-28-2014, 12:26 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Architecture - Specialization (Post Graduation)

Some architects prefer to go in for specialization at the post graduate level. They may choose to specialize in India or Abroad. The subjects of specialization may include urban designing, town Planning, regional planning, building engineering and management, architectural conservation, industrial design, landscape architecture, naval architecture, architecture concerning traffic and transport planning etc.

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  Architecture - Career Prospects
Posted by: sunil zende - 09-28-2014, 12:20 PM - Forum: Architecture - Replies (1)

Architecture - Career Prospects

There is a huge gap in the demand and supply. Annual requirement projections of architects stands over 10,000 which is expected to rise further and the training facilities available are still short. All these factors contribute in making this field a very competetive one with healthy career prospects.

Employment opportunities for architects are available in government as well as private sectors. Some of the government organisations include Public Works Department, the Archaeological Department, Ministry of Defence, Departments of Railways, Post and Telegraphs, Public Sector Undertakings, National Building Organisation, Town and Country Planning Organisation, National Institute of Urban Affairs, Housing and Urban Development Corporation, National Building Construction Corporation Ltd., City Development Authorities etc. Besides these organisations, various other institutes and agencies like State Departments, Housing Boards, Local Bodies responsible for construction works also recruit architects.

Openings in the private sector exist with the Builders, Architecture Firms, Consultants etc. Architects with some experience can even set up their own business as Consultants and Contractors.

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  Architecture - Nature and scope of work
Posted by: sunil zende - 09-28-2014, 12:16 PM - Forum: Architecture - Replies (2)

Architecture - Nature and scope of work

Architecture is the study which deals with planning and designing of building and structures. Architecture has been practiced since ages in different parts of the world. Roman, Victorian, Moslem and Indian architecture, are few such examples. Architects blend their vision and dreams with materials to erect milestones which leave a powerful imprint on human mankind. The rapidly changing demands and requirements asks for professionally trained architects who can not only cope with changing times but also design and deliver quality, environment friendly constructions.

Designing any structure not only moves around giving physical face lift to it but involves other important factors which are equally important like its functional utility, safety and economy. Architects engage themselves in designing of a variety of structures including houses, apartments and colonies, offices and industrial complexes, hospitals, hotels, airport terminals, stadium, shopping and commercial complexes, schools etc. They provide professional services to individuals and organisations not only regarding new constructions but also in alterations and renovations.

Clients approach architects with some idea of what they want, but with little awareness regarding its feasibility. A good architect is the one who strikes a right balance between aesthetics and practicality. The work starts on the basis of ideas and requirements of the client like its appearance, financial budget and time frame. The architect then begins his job with sketching and making plans with details of sizes, specification and estimates of the cost of the structure. Sometimes models and graphics are also used for presentations. Once the plans are finalized and accepted by the client, the architect has to obtain the approval and permission of the local authority for construction. Subsequently, the architect negotiates contracts with building contractors, engineers and surveyors after which the construction starts. Architects responsibility begins right form designing and planning the structure until the very same is erected.

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  Punjab Legislative Assembly
Posted by: avinash_patni - 09-18-2014, 02:51 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Punjab Legislative Assembly - Chandigarh Vidhan sabha

[Image: chandigarh%20(5).jpg] [Image: chandigarh%20(6).jpg]

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  Civilian War Memorial Park Singapore
Posted by: sandeep jain - 09-16-2014, 12:38 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Civilian War Memorial Park Singapore

[Image: MEMORIAL%20(1).jpg] [Image: MEMORIAL%20(2).jpg]

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  Bird's Park Kuala Lumpur
Posted by: fdaforum - 09-16-2014, 12:13 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Bird's Park Kuala Lumpur

[img]http://www.frontdesk.co.in/big/forum/archi-locations/Bird's%20Park/BIRD'S%20PARK%20(28).jpg[/img] [img]http://www.frontdesk.co.in/big/forum/archi-locations/Bird's%20Park/BIRD'S%20PARK%20(32).jpg[/img]

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  Bird's Park Kuala Lumpur
Posted by: fdaforum - 09-16-2014, 12:13 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Bird's Park Kuala Lumpur

[Image: park3.jpg] [Image: park4.jpg]

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  Esplanade - Theatres on the Bay, Singapore
Posted by: fdaforum - 09-16-2014, 12:11 PM - Forum: Architecture - No Replies

Esplanade - Theatres on the Bay, Singapore

[Image: AUDITORIUM%20(14).jpg] [Image: AUDITORIUM%20(15).jpg] [Image: AUDITORIUM%20(16).jpg]

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