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Sustainable Design
Sustainable Design

Sustainable design is the integration of architecture with mechanical, electrical and structural engineering.

Along with concern for aesthetics of proportion, scale, texture, massing, shadow, and light, the facility design team needs to be concerned with long term costs: environmental, economic, and human.

The Rocky Mountain Institute outlines five elements for sustainable design:

Sustainable design is "front loaded" compared with traditional design. Early decisions have the greatest impact on energy efficiency, passive solar design, daylighting, and natural cooling.

Itis more of a philosophy of building than a prescriptive building style.

Sustainable buildings don't have any particular look or style.

Sustainable buildings don't have to cost more, or more complicated than traditional construction.

Integrated design is critical to successful sustainable design.

Minimizing energy consumption and promoting human health should be the organizing principles of sustainable design. The other elements of design can be energy saving architectural features, energy conserving building envelope, and energy-efficient and health-promoting mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems.
"Sustainable architecture involves a combination of values: aesthetic, environmental,
social, political, and moral. It's about using one's imagination and technical knowledge
to engage in a central aspect of the practice -- designing and building in harmony with
our environment. The smart architect thinks rationally about a combination of issues
including sustainability, durability, longevity, appropriate materials, and sense of place.
The challenge is finding the balance between environmental considerations and
econmic constraints. Consideration must be given to the needs of our communities and
the ecosystem that supports them." -- Sanuel Mockbee, Auburn University
Sustainability in Architecture

‘Development that meets the needs of the present, and is at least as valuable to future generations as the value of the environmental exploitation that results a sustainable building (in energy terms) is one that over its life breaks even or is in credit in respect of energy consumption.’

David Lloyd Jones’s Architecture and the Environment
The goal of sustainable design is to find architectural solutions that guarantee the well-being and coexistence of inorganic elements, living organisms,
and humans in global ecosystem.

Principles of sustainable design

Three principles of sustainability in architecture.

Economy of Resources is concerned with the reduction, reuse, and recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building.
Life Cycle Design provides a methodology for analyzing the building process and its impact on the environment.
Humane Design focuses on the interactions between humans and the natural world. 

These principles can provide a broad awareness of the environmental impact, both local and global, of architectural consumption.

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