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Parking Facility Criteria
#1
 Parking facilities should meet the following basic Functional criteria:
  • Parking Geometries - The size, height, and turning radius of current automobiles as well as past and future trends of automobile size and statistical quantity must be taken into account.
  • Ramp Design Configurations.
  • The streets surrounding the parking and their traffic flow must be taken into consideration when planning entrances and exits and deciding on ramp designs.
  • The entrances and exits are very important to the smooth functioning of the parking facility.
  • The type of equipment and the necessity of a booth and office are also determined by the facility use.
  • Zoning issues require the number of spaces for parked automobiles. The designer must work within local codes to meet these requirements.
  • In mixed-use projects there has been shared parking documenting how different users can maintain full facility occupancy, such as movie/theater goers, night use and residential use during the day. This can be calculated to the advantage of the facility owner and the community by eliminating the empty night facility syndrome.
  • The operation and maintenance of a facility is very critical. Revenue control equipment and other issues related to the smooth functioning of the garage must be taken into account during the design process.
  • Provide for appropriate work space for the staff, such as cashier and monitoring equipment.
  • Provide an area or room for the storage and maintenance issues.
  • Accommodate technological tools for future upgrades of operational systems and facility expansion.
  • Plan for a back up power system.
  • Ventilation is an issue within some types and some areas of parking facility design.
    http://www.wbdg.org/design/parking.php
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#2
Structural Integration
  • The parking facility must be designed to withstand all aspects of environmental conditions.
  • Cast in place concrete, pre-cast concrete and structural steel can be used for the structural design.
  • Size and length of some structures,  compound the expansion and contraction issues in facility design.
  • The surface of the "floor" of the facility should be slip resistant for both the automobile and pedestrian.
  • Drainage and floor slope is very important, as ponding water can create long term maintenance problems.
  • Performance objectives, Cost effectiveness and building commissioning should be taken into account. 
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#3
Parking standard in Health Facilities as per DDA Planning Norms & Standards: 

Hospital A (501 beded & above) , Hospital B (201 to 500), Hospital C (101 to 200) , Hospital D (Upto 100beded)
Other Health Facilities a i) Maternity Home (Upto 50 beds) ii) Nursing Home/ Polyclinic / Dispensary  (Upto 50 beds) 
b i) Family Welfare Centre ii) Pediatric Centre iii) Geriatric Centre  iv) Diagnostic Centre , Nursing and Paramedic Institute
Parking standard = 2.0 ECS / 100 sq m of floor area  


Veterinary Hospital for pet animals and birds ,  Dispensary for pet animals and birds
Parking standard = 1.33 ECS / 100 sq m of floor area.

Medical College : As per norms for hospital to which Medical College is attached




Parking standard in Education Facilities

Play School, Coaching ,Centre, ComputerTraining , Institute, , physical Education Centre etc Primary school / Middle school, Sr. Secondary School , School for Mentally / Physically challenged 
Parking standard = 1.33 ECS / 100 sq m of floor area
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