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The process of land acquisition and conversion various land uses for urban developmen
Demand for land, coupled with absence of structure plans designating land-use has led to speculative land markets and an insatiable appetite for urban land. Lack of transparency in process of conversion of land, valuation of land, complexities in documentation and processes for holding / transferring clear title, etc. have all only added to bottlenecking of supply of land, further accentuating land prices. The price of this land increases, as its urban character of its surroundings changes and consequently its economic value.

The specific processes for verification of land title, authorities for planning and designating land use, enforcing landuse, etc. vary across different states

Generic Process Framework for Conversion of land-use from Agriculture to Non-Agriculture 
1. application for conversion of landuse to planning authority 
2. Verification of identity of land parcel for conversion is sought 
3a In case of existence of Master plan : verification on permitted land use as per planning authority 
3b In absence of structure plan : Application of guidelines for assessment of landuse by planning authority
4 opinion by plannning authority with covenant if any
5 land conversion order by appropriate authority with covenants if any intimation to related department. 

 In most States across India, records of land ownership, tenency, agriculture related data (like irrigated or not, no. of crops in a year, etc.), are typically maintained by the Revenue Department. In case of agricultural land, generally within limits of village panchayats, multiple certificates and records are required to establish the title of ownership of land, these include – registered title deed, tenancy certificate, survey map of revenue department, location certified in village map, receipt of payment of land revenue, etc. Given the structure of record keeping of our land records, identity and location of land parcels are identified through trail of ownership documents, rather than ownership being determined from spatial location and identity. Therefore, the legacy has existed that the process of conversion of land use to non-agricultural processes has begun and centered with the Revenue Department. 

The Rajasthan state government has removed Section 90 B of Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956, under which use of agricultural land is allowed for non-agricultural purposes

Under Section 90A Use of agricultural land for non-agricultural purpose –persons desiring to use agriculture land for any purpose other than that of agriculture shall apply for the requisite permission to the prescribed officer or authority.  
In Rajasthan land use conversion is done under Rajasthan land use conversion rule 2007
Under this act  Prescribed Authority for conversion- A khatedar tenant  shall submit an application Form-A along with the documents prescribed therein and a copy of challan, indicating the amount of conversion charges deposited to the prescribed authority as under-
 purpose of  
Manish Jain Luhadia 
B.Arch (hons.), M.Plan
Tel: +91 141 2743536 

Thanks for sharing very useful information on the process of land acquisition and conversion various land uses for urban development

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