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Great Architects of 21st century
Creative & innovative architects of today's world.  

Peter Eisenman
His style of architecture mainly focuses on high modernism or de-constructivism. with an interest in signs, symbols and the processes of making meaning always at the foreground

House VI : House VI is a significant building designed by Peter Eisenman, completed in 1975. This building kick-started the de-constructivism movement.
Located in Cornwall, Connecticut the building has become famous for both its revolutionary design and definition of a house. Before this project became a reality, Peter was known as a theorist and a “Paper Architect”, promulgating a highly formalist approach which he calls “post-functionalism”.

Daniel Libeskind

Daniel Libeskind’s design, which was created a year before the Berlin Wall came down, was based on three insights:  it is impossible to understand the history of Berlin without understanding the enormous contributions made by its Jewish citizens; the meaning of the Holocaust must be integrated into the consciousness and memory of the city of Berlin; and, finally, for its future, the City of Berlin and the country of Germany must acknowledge the erasure of Jewish life in its history.

Rem Koolhaas

His definition of de-constructivism is to eliminate stereotypes and prejudices which occupy the landscape and transforming identity on any entity.

Seattle Central Library
At a moment when libraries are perceived to be under threat from a shrinking public realm on one side and digitization on the other, the Seattle Central Library creates a civic space for the circulation of knowledge in all media, and an innovative organizing system for an ever-growing physical collection – the Books Spiral. The library's various programs are intuitively arranged across five platforms and four flowing "in between" planes, which together dictate the building's distinctive faceted shape, offering the city an inspiring building that is robust in both its elegance and its logic.

Zaha Hadid

Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, Germany 
The relational norms between horizontal and vertical planes were broken down, and entire surfaces were called upon to work as a unit to support the building. This kind of structure demanded composite mathematics previously too complex for engineering minds to solve at this scale. As a result, new software was designed along with the building, giving engineers lighting-fast answers to user input. This today is known as parametricism. 
The interior of the project, an interiorised landscape is the exhibition space where the crater-like spaces generated from the conceptual studies as surfaces deformed simultaneously under a field of forces, that become the programmatic generators for the exhibition workshops. The open flow arrangement enhances the learning experience since all exhibits are at once open to view, hinting to a particular pedagogical paradigm that is free of dogmatism and encourages a research based approach to learning.


Ole Scheeren

The interlace, Singapore 
The Interlace breaks away from Singapore’s standard typology of isolated, vertical apartment towers and instead explores a dramatically different approach to tropical living: an expansive interconnected network of living and communal spaces integrated with the natural environment. Thirty-one apartment blocks, each six-stories tall and identical in length, are stacked in a hexagonal arrangement to form eight large-scale open and permeable courtyards. The interlocking blocks form a vertical village with cascading sky gardens and both private and public roof terraces.


Eduardo Souto de Moura
Souto de Moura was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 2011 for his Estádio Municipal de Braga and the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2013. His major works include a style of conservatism and modernism  

the building uses the region's historical architecture in a contemporary way. 
It was designed to be fully in keeping with Paula Rego  wishes, having indicated that it should be “fun, lively and also a bit mischievous”. 
The boxes distribution works like a mineral positive, from the negative that remains from the tree top perimeter. This “Yang” and “Yin” game between artifact and nature, helped me to decide the exterior material, red concrete, the opposite color to the green wood, that meanwhile decreased by botanic prophylaxis. As I didn’t want the building to be a neutral sum of boxes, I have established a hierarchy, introducing two big pyramids (skylights) in the entrance axis, that are the library and the café, where it wasn’t indifferent Alcobaça’s kitchen, some houses from arch. Raul Lino and some illustrations from Boullé. It was my concerning that every exhibition room had always an opening to the exterior , to the garden. It’s never too much to oppose the abstract and totally artificial reality of contemporary art to the daily and ruff reality that surround us.

Balkrishna Doshi

Life Insurance Corporation Housing 1973 Ahmedabad
To accommodate fluctuating sociocultural needs of Indian families, Doshi reverses the typical order of a multi-residential building, placing the largest residence on the bottom and the smallest on the top, allowing the upper unit to enjoy a terrace, which can also be converted into an additional living space.

Sangath fuses images and associations of Indian lifestyles. Memories of places visited collide, evoking and connecting forgotten episodes. Sangath is an ongoing school where one learns, unlearns and relearns. It has become a sanctuary of culture, art and sustainability where research, institutional facilities and maximum sustainability are emphasized.

Norman Robert Foster
known for sleek, modern designs of steel and glass with innovations in contouring and inner space management. 

HSBC Hong Kong Headquarters

30 St Mary Axe

The building uses energy-saving methods, which allow it to use half the power that a similar tower would typically consume. Gaps in each floor create six shafts that serve as a natural ventilation system for the entire building, even though required firebreaks on every sixth floor interrupt the "chimney". The shafts create a giant double glazing effect; air is sandwiched between two layers of glazing and insulates the office space inside.

Moshe safdie

Habitat 67
The Canadian Pavilion for the World Exposition of 1967, was originally intended as an experimental solution for high-quality housing in dense urban environments. Safdie explored the possibilities of prefabricated modular units to reduce housing costs and allow for a new housing typology that could integrate the qualities of a suburban home into an urban high-rise. Reflecting on the project’s significance in “A look back at habitat ’67” Safdie stated that “Habitat ‘67 is really two ideas in one. One is about prefabrication, and the other is about rethinking apartment-building design in the new paradigm.

Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel emphasize his courageous pursuit of new ideas and his challenge of accepted norms in order to stretch the boundaries of the field.  Works qualities of Nouvel are  persistence, imagination, exuberance, and, above all, an insatiable urge for creative experimentation 

Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre, Switzerland
This ultra-structure, represents a clear break with tradition. The building stands out above all for its huge roof. In the few years that has already built up as a new symbol of the city, thanks to its unique architecture, complementing the existing landmarks such as Mount Pilatus and the Chapel Bridge. Spaces, in terms of sound, is one of the best concert halls in the world.
The Culture and Convention Center in Lucerne is composed of three parts: a concert hall, conference rooms with an auditorium and a museum of contemporary art.

The idea was to play with a horizontal plane as canopy linking the different spaces that are lined up below. This form on the elevation level of the lake covered a large urban area with a water element. The metaphor refers to three ships docked in the lake under the huge deck.

Bernard Tschumi

Parc de la Villette, Paris

Tschumi, wanted the park to be a space for activity and interaction that would evoke a sense of freedom within a superimposed organization that would give the visitors points of reference. 
As part of Tschumi’s overall goral to induce exploration, movement, and interaction, he scattered 10 themed gardens throughout the large expansive site that people would stumble upon either quite literally or ambiguously.  Each themed garden gives the visitors a chance to relax, meditate, and even play.

Kazuyo Sejima

Sejima is known for her clear modernist elements in her designs, with slick, clean and shiny surfaces including large windows which let natural light enter a space and create a fluid transition between interior and exterior.

21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

The building includes community gathering spaces, such as a library, lecture hall, and children’s workshop, located on the periphery, and museum spaces in the middle. The exhibition areas comprise numerous galleries with multiple options for division, expansion, or concentration. The galleries are of various proportions and light conditions – from bright daylight through glass ceilings to spaces with no natural light source, their height ranging from 4 to 12 metres. The circulation spaces are designed to make them usable as additional exhibition areas. Four fully glazed internal courtyards, each unique in character, provide ample daylight to the center of the building and a fluent border between community spaces and museum spaces 

Renzo Piano

Piona style includes various features of modernism (he also worked under Louis Kahn), constructivism, high tech and contemporary architecture.

Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Designed as an “evolving spatial diagram” by architects Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, the architecture of the Centre Pompidou boasts a series of technical characteristics that make it unique in the world – the inspiration, even the prototype, of a new generation of museums and cultural centres. It is distinctive firstly in the way it frees up the space inside, with each floor extending through the building entirely uninterrupted by load-bearing structures. 

The Shard, London

The Shard was conceived as a building with multiple uses: a vertical city where people could live, work and relax. It comprises world-class offices, award-wining restaurants, the 5-star Shangri-La Hotel, exclusive residences and the UK’s highest viewing gallery, The View from The Shard, offering 360-degree views. Well-connected and comprehensively serviced by central London's transport infrastructure, facilities and amenities, The Shard is a timeless reminder of the power of imagination to inspire change.

David Chipperfield

contemporary architectural style which has a sense of robustness and artistic rejuvenation in it.

Museum of Modern Literature, Germany
Museum of Modern Literature is Germany’s primary literary archive, home not just to Schiller’s papers, but also a repository for everything from Franz Kafka’s manuscripts to the collective libraries of the country’s great writers. It displays artefacts from the extensive twentieth-century collection in the German Literature Archive, including the original manuscripts of Kafka’s The Trial and Alfred Döblin’s Berlin Alexanderplatz.

Fumihiko Maki

Most of his works often explore pioneering uses of new materials and any design practice which fuses the cultures of east and west into an architectural marvel which is always a feast to gaze on.

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium

The large arena is the dominant structure in the complex as well as the dominant structure in the immediate neighborhood. The building appears to be almost all roof since the walls of the structure rise only a few stories above the height of the plaza. When viewed from above, the roof turns out to be composed of two symmetrical leaf-like shapes leaning against each other within a circle.

Shigeru Ban

Ban is known for disaster relief homes made out of cardboard tubes. His design style includes the “Invisible Structures”.
Invisible Structure is a theme of design where Ban doesn’t choose to overly express his structural elements, but rather incorporates them into the design. His designs are minimalist and require only the necessary building material. Ban doesn't include design elements which do not have any functionality.

Paper Dome, Taiwan
Paper Dome is a temporary church building constructed using paper tubes as structural elements. It was designed on a pro-bono basis

Tadao Ando

Characteristics of his work include large expanses of unadorned architectural concrete walls combined with wooden or stone floors and large windows. Active natural elements, like sun, rain, and wind are a distinctive inclusion to his style.  Ando rejects the rampant consumerism visible within much of today's architecture. He responds both sensitively and critically to the chaotic Japanese urban environment, but maintains a connection to the landscape. 
Ando's buildings are often characterized by complex three-dimensional circulation paths. These paths weave in between interior and exterior spaces formed both inside large-scale geometric shapes and in the spaces between them.

Church of the Light
The Church of the Light embraces Ando’s philosophical framework between nature and architecture through the way in which light can define and create new spatial perceptions equally, if not more so, as that of his concrete structures.  


Le Grand Louvre, Paris
It is not so much the pyramid, but the entrance space that it covers that is the most important part of the project. The brilliance of making an entrance to the world’s largest art museum by hollowing-out its plaza and constructing underground connections to its various wings could easily be lost amidst the unmistakable iconography of the pyramid. The entrance has rationalized and opened-up the collections of the Louvre to the throngs of museum-goers who visit its collections.

Mario Botta

best known from manipulating the cultural and natural elements of a landscape to create a breathtakingly beautiful sight.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art , San Francisco
Botta solution was to create a building with simple forms, clear geometry and solid massing – a piece of architecture that would be distinguishable from the "abstract language of downtown buildings.Botta conceived a five-storey museum composed of stacked boxes clad in various treatments of red brick. On the street-facing elevation, the orthogonal volumes step upward, giving the building a wedding cake-like appearance.

Emerging from the centre is a circular turret wrapped in zebra-like bands of black and white stone. The top of the cylinder is sliced off at an angle and sheathed in glass, resulting in a giant oculus that brings in natural light while also gesturing toward the city. Botta describes the oculus as a "sort of eye" that puts the building's interior in contact with the outdoors.

Cesar Pelli

Petronas Towers
To create a uniquely Malaysian design, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects drew from Islamic culture, Kuala Lumpur’s climate and light, and Malaysian craft and design. The plan of the towers is generated from two overlapping squares that form an 8-pointed star, a pattern frequently found in Islamic design. As the buildings rise, they step back six times, and at each setback, the walls tip outward slightly, adding complexity reminiscent of traditional Malaysian architecture. The towers are clad in panels of glass and stainless steel that softly reflect sunlight.

World Financial Center (Brookfield Place), New York 

Flanking Liberty Street, the two octagonal buildings mark a formal entrance to the Center and the waterfront Plaza beyond. Tower 1 rises to the south, while the other three are arrayed to the north and west. A four-story granite base provides a comfortable transition from the street, flowing under each tower with a lively assortment of public spaces, shops and restaurants. The center of gravity is the Winter Garden, an arching glass hall complete with a grove of Arizona palm trees. This public room hosts concerts, exhibitions, and large lunchtime and after-work crowds.

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Information are taken from great architect's official websites and should be use in education purpose. Their use here does not imply that you may use them for any purpose other than similar informational.
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