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Bamboo : Building Construction Techniques
#1
Bamboo has a long and well established tradition as a building material throughout the world’s tropical and sub-tropical regions. Natural organic materials such as bamboo have a very important and unique role in the effort to alleviate housing and infrastructure problems, particularly in developing countries.

आधुनिक परिवेश में वनाच्‍छादित क्षेत्र तेजी से घट रहे हैं और इससे लकड़ि‍यों की उपलब्‍धता भी घट रही है। पिछले कई दशकों के दौरान संचालित अनुसंधान और विकास कार्यों से यह तथ्‍य प्रमाणित हुआ है कि बांस, लकड़ी का एक व्‍यावहारिक विकल्‍प हो सकता है और यह आवास और भवन निर्माण क्षेत्र के साथ ही कई बुनियादी कार्यों के लिए कई अन्‍य पारम्‍परिक सामग्रियों का स्‍थान ले सकता है। 

It is widely used for many forms of construction, in particular for housing in rural areas. Bamboo is a renewable and versatile resource, characterised by high strength and low weight, and is easily worked using simple tools. As such, bamboo constructions are easy to build, resilient to wind and even earthquake forces (given the correct detailing) and readily repairable in the event of damage. Associated products (bamboo based panels and bamboo reinforced concrete, for example) also find applications in the construction process.

Bamboo grows in abundance in many parts of the world, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Bamboo forests play an important role in controlling water cycles, reducing erosion and sequestering carbon from the atmosphere.

There is a long-standing tradition of bamboo construction and small buildings, dating back many hundreds of years. Different cultures have found in this material an economical system of building, offering sound yet light and easily replaceable forms of shelter. The methods, activities
and tools are often simple, straightforward and accessible to even the young and unskilled


निर्माण कार्यों में इस्‍तेमाल होने वाली बांस की कुछ प्रजातियi :
  • बाम्‍बूसा Bambusa
    बाम्‍बूसा बालकूआ, Bambusa balcooa
    बाम्‍बूसा बाम्‍बोस, Bambusa bambos
    बाम्‍बूसा टुल्‍डा,  Bambusa tulda
    डेन्‍ड्रोकलामुस गिगांसस, Dendrocalamus giganteus
    डेन्‍ड्रोकलामुस हेमिलटोनी, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
    डेन्‍ड्रोकलामुस एस्‍पर Dendrocalamus asper
Front Desk Architects
www.frontdesk.co.in
Email: architect@frontdesk.co.in , Tel: +91 0141 2743536
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#2
Salient Features of Bamboo Pre-Fab Housing Structures 


• Speed of erection (2 per day of size 12 ft x 10 ft by a single team) 
• Bamboo roofing, flooring & cladding provide natural insulation 
• Shelters easily removable and can be relocated 
• Easy to transport by road, air and man pack which suits the terrain 
• Light weight and in modules which can be handled easily 
• Can be modified for local conditions 
• Once trained further construction can be taken up locally 
• Do not occupy much space compared to permanent construction. 
• Cost-effective, typically 20-25% less than conventional pre-fab shelters 
• The same modules can be used for public buildings like schools, and dispensaries 
• Durable, weather resistant, fire retardant 
• Withstand earthquake, winds, rainfall. 
• Good thermal and acoustic properties. 
• Quality standards as per International practice. 
• Energy saving during manufacture/usage 

Bamboo is durable, sturdy and strong - harder than Red Oak and Maple. 


Tensile strength of 16mm bamboo ply is: 
• In direction parallel to grain ; 318 kn/m2 
• At right angles to the grain : at least 220 kn/m2 
• Total tensile strength in both direction: at least 588 kn/m2

Information taken from Bamboo house India established by Prashant Lingam and Aruna Kappagantula 
Manish Jain Luhadia 
B.Arch (hons.), M.Plan
Email: manish@frontdesk.co.in
Tel: +91 141 2743536 

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