Walter Gropius

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969)

“To build is to create events.”

“Architects, sculptors, painters, we must all return to the crafts! For art is not a ‘profession.’ There is no essential difference between the artist and the craftsman. The artist is the exalted craftsman.”

"The final goal of all artistic activity is architecture.“

- Walter Gropius

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius

He was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architect.

Character of works:

  • Simple geometry, often rectangular,
  • Use of modern materials like steel and glass,
  • Smooth surfaces,
  • Primary colors,
  • Linear and horizontal elements,

The Bauhaus, Dessau, Germany.

School of architecture and design, Germany, 1919 - 1933

All art forms should be designed as a unit

Technology embraced

Economy in the use of space, materials, time, and money

Avoid Romantic embellishments

Gropius Residence, Massachusetts, 1937

Fagus Factory,Alfeld an der Leine, Lower Saxony, Germany .

The Fagus Factory is today considered as one of the most important industrial structures of modern architecture.

It is considered as a blue-print of the functional design style that later became later associated with the Bauhaus.

Fagus Factory

The facade is articulated with narrow brick pillars, slightly recessed, which were placed between the iron frames sticking out of the building and housed the large windows creating a light curtain wall.

It is particularly striking resolution of the corners of the block as they converge on two windows perpendicular to the unique presence in them of the light metal support bar.